We come across such terms and principles in Psychoanalysis, the most significant form of scientific psychology found in the western world today. Especially in French psychoanalyst J. Lacan's version of Freud's drive-structure concept do we find perception drives (drive to perceive, to look) and invocation drives (drive to express, to speak) that function in the unconscious, and which are predominant. Actually, the drive to look is nothing other than 'chit', a kind of primary conscious, an immediate gaze, or better and simply put: an IT SHINES. IT SHINES means that something primarily visual, a primary visual awareness, or primary visibility is constantly at work within and around us. It is at work when images are being produced in dreams as well as in 'light' experiences in meditation, and last but not the least, this is also the most subtle of physical reality.
After all, the conscious is nothing other than a 'reciprocated gaze', a reflection, or a 'primal form' of looking or of perception. In the same way we can substitute 'vritis' with the drive to speak, which is the most substantial form of invocation: the IT SPEAKS. Lacan says: "The unconscious is structured in the same manner a language is...", it behaves like an IT SPEAKS within and around us. A combination of the SHINES and of the SPEAKS actually requires to be taken under command and setting yoga and psychoanalysis into relation with one another supplies us with a simple tool to do just that.
In Surat Shabd Yoga command is taken of the combination of the SHINES and SPEAKS by applying and reverberating mentaly Sanskrit formulations. But for a scientifc method we can use linguistic styled formulations which I call FORMULA-WORDS.
After all, the points, similar to a pair of eyes, only remind the child of an original gaze, maybe even only of an original SHINES that may start to radiate due to its memory being constantly brought to repetition, as with the letters of a written ‘mental’.. From that point of view, we could equally well regard the ‘sun, moon and stars’ as points on our topological-lines, pixel to pixel-lines.
This very strong love for the ‘master’ and father-guru, however, intriguingly correlates with Freud’s expression of ‘early father identification’. “With the help of the super-Ego”, says Freud, “the [Ego] draws from the id’s accumulated experience of past ages in a way still non-transparent to us.”1
The only exception is a story of Faqir Chand. This Sant Mat guru impressively describes how he anxiously asked his ‘master’, Shiv Brat Lal, how he was to continue – after having reached the fourth level (Bhanwar Gupha). He was surprised to hear from him, that the fifth level (Sach Kand) consisted of having followers of his own and of becoming a Sat Guru.
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